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How do the results of molecular genetic studies in model organisms help us understand aspects of human genetics and genetic diseases?

Topic

Genetics of model organisms

Framing Question

How do the results of molecular genetic studies in model organisms help us understand aspects of human genetics and genetic diseases?

Learning Objectives

  • Justify why information on functions of human genes can often be acquired through studies of simple model organisms such as yeast, nematode worms, and fruit flies.
  • Compare the benefits and limitations of using model organisms to study human genes and human genetic diseases. Identify specific cases where insights from model organisms have provided crucial insights into human disease.
  • Defend the assertion that genetic testing will play a central role in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in the future.

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