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How can and why do cells with the same genomes have different structures and functions?

Topic

Cellular Specialization

Framing Question

How can and why do cells with the same genomes have different structures and functions?

Learning Objectives

  • Describe how differential gene regulation causes cell differentiation.
  • Compare and contrast the structure and function of different cell types.
  • Predict how a drug with a known target would affect the function of a specific cell type (e.g., a neuron).
  • Evaluate the strength and limitations of pieces of evidence in support of the claim that a particular inherited diseases affects a specific cell type.
  • Evaluate the benefits of cell specialization in organisms with varying degrees of complexity.
  • Evaluate evidence in support of the claim stem cells have great potential in the treatment of a variety of human diseases.

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