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What factors contribute to the size and complexity of biological macromolecules?

Topic

Macromolecular Structure Determines Function and Regulation

Framing Question

What factors contribute to the size and complexity of biological macromolecules?

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss the diversity and complexity of various biologically relevant macromolecules and macromolecular assemblies in terms of evolutionary fitness.
  • Describe the basic units of the macromolecules and the types of linkages between them.
  • Compare and contrast the processes involved in the biosynthesis of the major types of macromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids and carbohydrates).
  • Compare and contrast the processes involved in the degradation of the major types of macromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids and carbohydrates
  • Understand that proteins are made up of domains and be able to discuss how the protein families arise from duplication of a primordial gene.

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